Basic Wiccan Beliefs and Concepts to Tap Into Wiccan Spiritual Philosophy

wiccan beliefs

Many people still assume that Wiccans worship Satan and cast evil spells, but this is very far from the truth. Wicca is a religion that teaches people to worship deities through loving nature, understand the balance of magick, and harm no one.

Witchcraft, another name for magick, is a practice adopted from ancient Paganism. Other Wiccan beliefs and concepts are based on ancient religions and philosophies. Continue reading to learn more about Wicca.

A Brief History

Wicca is a religion based on pre-Christian traditions in Wales, Ireland, and Scotland. Some of the concepts also come from Kabbalah, a Jewish school of thought, and Eastern mysticism.

Wiccan concepts can be traced back about 30,000 years. People from the early Stone Age, called Paleolithic people, drew of a fertility goddess and hunter god in their caves. These deities translate to the Triple Goddess and Horned God in Wicca.

Witchcraft was called “the craft of the wise” in ancient times. The phrase comes from the Anglo-Saxon word “wicce-craeft. Those who practiced the craft were considered wise because they understood we are only a part of nature and we must be kind to it.

From the 15th to 18th century, the church turned Witchcraft into a symbol of evil to get people to convert to Christianity. Many Christian traditions and beliefs such as Christmas and the Holy Trinity were adopted from Paganism.

Wicca wasn’t actually started until the 1950s by Gerald Gardner. This foundation of Wicca is known as Gardnerian Wicca. There are other branches such as Deboran Wicca and Alexandrian Wicca. Each branch may have different deities and rites but they share the same general views.

A copy of the unofficial scripture, the Book of Shadows, is kept by a coven’s High Priest or High Priestess.


Wiccans dedicate themselves to the Divine. The Divine often consists of the Triple Goddess and the Horned God. One coven may worship another pair of deities, one specific deity, or a number of gods and goddesses.

Believers may see them as symbols or physical beings. Wiccan deities can be found in all of nature, including humans.

Wicca is animistic or believes that everything in nature has a life force. In this case, the life force is of the deities.

To respect nature is to respect the Divine. Wicca is a fertility religion and does not actually worship nature itself.

The Elements

The four Elements make up the universe: Earth, Air, Fire, and Water. Aether (Akasha), or Spirit, is the life force of the gods and goddesses found in each of the other Elements. The Elements are responsible for the cycle of life, death, and rebirth.

You’ll find the Elements represented somewhere in a Wiccan ritual. Usually, they’ll be invoked at the beginning of the ritual. The Elements are also in the Western Zodiac and the Tarot.

Each Element can be represented in different actions and spells. Herbalism and creating wooden tools both represent Earth.

They also have different meanings, goddesses, and gods. Fire is the most physical Element and means change, passion, and inspiration.

We all have a Wiccan Element that is closest to us.

Cycles of Nature

The cycles of Nature include that of the seasons and the Sun and Moon. The Triple Goddess (Maiden, Mother, and Crone) is symbolized or manifested in the Lunar Cycle or the waxing crescent, Full Moon, and the waning crescent. This cycle reflects a woman’s fertility as she ages and our journey from life to death and reincarnation.

The seasons are celebrated according to the Wheel of the Year. This calendar consists of eight Sabbats or holidays: the Solstices (Lithia and Yule), Equinoxes (Ostara and Mabon), and Cross Quarters (Imbolc, Beltane, Lammas, and Samhain). The Wheel of the Year is the Sun’s journey from season to season.

Other than the Sabbats, Esbats are held about every four weeks when there is a Full Moon. Wiccans honor the Triple Goddess on these days.


Wiccans practice magick. It can also be called The Craft or Witchcraft. Magick is possible according to monism or the belief that a single mystical source connects everything.

Magick is the redirection of natural energy by using tools such as candles, herbs, a wand, and crystals. Rituals take place in a sacred circle.

There are a variety of spells: fertility spells, love spells, money spells, personal growth spells, and many more.

Ethical magick is determined by the Law of Three and the Wiccan Rede. The Law of Three states that if you do something good or bad, you’ll receive that positivity or negativity back threefold. This idea is similar to good and bad karma.

The Wiccan Rede allows Wiccans to cast spells as long as they don’t cause harm. The changes made with magick should only positively affect people and nature.

Wiccans take responsibility for their actions, whether they’re from magick or not.

After Death

Death isn’t the end. What we do in this life will affect our next life, according to the Law of Three. There is no heaven, hell, or sinning in Wicca.

Wiccans can interact with spirits in the afterlife through seances and dumb suppers. Always speak respectfully about your ancestors because they could be listening.

Before being reincarnated, spirits go to Summerland. Summerland prepares the soul for its next life. The only goal of reincarnation is to stay with loved ones and other Wiccans.

Spirit guides are exactly what they sound like – spirits that guide. Wiccans can find them while doing magick. A spirit guide could be an ancestor, an animal, a Master Teacher, or a common teacher.

Religious Freedom

Wiccans don’t try to convert others to Wicca. They allow people to figure out what they believe and follow that path. They respect people of all religions.

Understanding Wiccan Beliefs and Concepts

Wicca is a relatively new religion but has its roots in one that came before Christianity: Paganism. Wiccans recognize the life force of the gods and goddesses in everything. They worship their deities by taking care of nature.

Satan and the concept of evil don’t exist in this religion. However, humans aren’t perfect and we do bad things all the time. This negativity is forbidden in magick.

We can all learn something from Wiccan beliefs even if we don’t choose to convert. You may be interested in learning about yourself from a psychic reading, a tarot reading, or an astrologer.

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